A century ago, humans struggled with things that are the unconscious fundamentals of our recent lifestyle. Back then posts (that took days to be delivered) were the most efficient form of circulating information, but today every news, event, and information can be spread out to the distant corners of the world with a single click of a button.
All this has been possible with the help of journalism and mass communication, which grew and modified in an efficient form of spreading current and relevant information and news to the general public.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news of any kind. Journalists cover stories that are publicly occurring and are willing to take on the role of a reporter, editor, or public relations person.
Every day, around the world, people consume information in their homes, on the go, and in their workplaces. Whether it is from the internet, a local newspaper, or from television, content from various sources is showing up in our homes and offices. Mass media operators help make this information available and accessible. And they do this in a variety of ways, from telling stories, to creating content, and to helping businesses market their products and services.
And so it is safe to say that a world without journalism is an ignorant one.
JOURNALISM VS MASS MEDIA:-
Journalism comprises collecting, preparing, and distributing news and information around the world through print and electronic media. The print media comprises books, newspapers, magazines, etc. and electronic media includes social media, blogs, e-mail, radio, television, etc.
In order to write a news article or an opinion piece, there are three major techniques to obtain information:
Talking with individuals who have knowledge of the story you are reporting is known as an interview.
Observation: Paying attention to and looking out for news, examining written materials such as news articles, reports, court records, and other publications.
Types of journalism are based on 3 different types of news:
1) Hard News:- Hard news is the type of journalism that comprises seriously factual stories.
This type includes the following –
Investigation journalism– This particular type of journalism is focused on uncovering the hidden truths and facts of a person, event, matter or topic of interest.
Political journalism– This type includes a political journalist providing information about political figures, election campaigns, policies, political events and so much more.
Crime journalism– This type include a criminal journalist doing research related to crimes and criminals, conducting interviews and attending court hearings, so he/she can provide the general public with relevant and updates information about crime.
Business journalism– This type includes business journalists making information about their products and product lines available to the public, in the interest of selling their products more to other companies.
2) Soft News:- Soft news is the type of journalism that comprises less serious issues.
This type includes the following –
Art journalism– This type of journalism includes Various forms of art that including painting, music, pottery, dance, literature, poetry, etc.
Celebrity journalism– This one is all about the hot gossip of our favorite celebrities, whether it be their personal lives or their upcoming movies and projects, it’s all covered in this domain.
Sports journalism– A sports journalist brings forth for your information and facts about sporting events and series, sporting equipment sportspersons.
Education journalism– Education journalism informs you about developments and events in the field of education. Their main purpose is promoting students to opt for higher education.
Lifestyle journalism– This type of journalism is used to spread news related to different lifestyles, which include gardening, music, yoga, cooking, aesthetic decoration, eating habits and so much more.
3) Medium of delivery:- This type of journalism is solely based on the medium of news delivery.
This type includes online/cyber/digital journalism, print journalism, broadcast/television/radio journalism
Journalism can be dated back to Rome circa 59 BC and now it is an integral part of the media industry. Journalism colleges in Bhopal and mass communication colleges in Bhopal have some of the best programs provided in our country.
While mass communication is the act of distributing information to the masses/public, mass media is a segment of mass communication. Mass media is basically the medium or the method employed to distribute that information. It is a collection of big media outlets that are used to distribute media content. Mass media are media technologies that reach a vast audience through mass communication.
Types of Mass Media:
1) Broadcast media:- It is a way of transmitting electronic data via media, example:- television, radio, audio production, etc.
2) Digital media:- It is a combination of internet services and mobile mass communication. Some examples are:- Software, digital images and videos, video games, digital audio like MP3, electronic documents and e-books.
3) Internet media:- Nowadays almost everything in our devices and technologies is accessible through the internet, from our WhatsApp to our Netflix, from our email to our websites and blogs, they are all branches of internet media.
4) Outdoor media:- Advertisements, billboards, blimps, flying billboards, placards, flyers or even skywriting are some of the many forms of outdoor media by which information can be spread to the general public on the streets and in some cases, in a more personal way.
5) Print media:- Hardcopy of books, magazines, comics, newspapers, and pamphlets are some of the physical ways of transmitting information across the world and hence come under print media.
Journalism is basically writing about recent developments and events in the world and Mass media is the medium to spread the gathered information across the world using various technologies. MGU is the best university in Bhopal that provides courses and diplomas in journalism and mass media. Journalism and mass media are two fields emerging from each other and they are ever so growing in India, with 500 satellite channels (>80 are news channels) and 70,000 newspapers with 100 million copies sold each day.
We hope this blog on Journalism vs Mass Communication helped you in picking the right career pathway. If you need assistance in applying to the best universities across the world, reach out to College Dunia and we will help you reach your dream university.